The environment of San Martino di Castrozza

The environment of San Martino di Castrozza

San Martino di Castrozza is nestled in a green meadow basin, surrounded by the Paneveggio-Pale di San Martino Natural Park. From the village you can see many Dolomite peaks: the large group of Pale di San Martino with the Cimon della Pala, the Vezzana (visible from the Passo Rolle area or from the Pale plateau), the Rosetta, the Sass Maor, the Val di Val Roda, the Top of the Madonna, and on the other side the gentler relief of Cavallazza and the porphyry peaks of Colbricon and the small Colbricon. From the village is also visible the group of peaks Feltrine, with the characteristic pyramid-shaped top of Mount Pavione.

San Martino di Castrozza (1,487 m asl) is one of the five municipalities that make up the municipality of Primiero San Martino di Castrozza, located in the upper valley of the Cismon torrent, in eastern Trentino.

The Paneveggio Pale di San Martino nature park

  • The territory of the Paneveggio Pale di San Martino Park is located in eastern Trentino, at an altitude ranging from a level of just under 1100 m. above sea level at a maximum elevation of about 3200 m. above sea level. It borders the Val di Fiemme and the Val di Fassa on the northern side, to the south with the Primiero, to the west with the Valle del Vanoi. It is built around the catchment areas of the Cismon, Vanoi and Travignolo torrents, and includes the Trentino area of ​​the Pale di San Martino group in the east, while in the west it includes the eastern slopes of the Lagorai chain. To the north, defined by the Lagorai slopes and those of the Cima Bocche group, the Torrent Travignolo valley is home to the Demesiale Forest of Paneveggio, one of the most famous forest complexes in the Alps.
  • The Park area is divided into three different reserve areas, depending on the environmental values ​​present and the importance of human activities:
  • integral reserve (39.82%): areas with greater protection, where the environment is characterized by a high degree of naturalness; the research and monitoring activities, the distance of the marked trails and limited pasture activities are allowed.
  • guided reserve (49.75%): areas in which the natural and landscape set-up is maintained also through traditional activities (grazing, mowing, forestry ...); it aims to balance human activities with conservation needs.
  • controlled reserve (10.43%): areas in which human intervention is more marked (ski slopes and ski facilities, residential and tourist settlements) and the original naturalistic values ​​can be altered; the aim is to redevelop existing works and to conserve highly natural residual areas.

Local fauna

 
Among the mammals, certainly ungulates stand out: first of these, the deer, symbol of the Park, settled in the area from the few specimens fortuitously emerged from the Paneveggio enclosure in 1963; then we find the roe deer, well distributed throughout the territory of the Park. At higher altitudes the chamois is present, with a large population; from the year 2000 a project of repopulation of the ibex on the Pale di San Martino chain started, with an introduction of thirty specimens.
The common hare lives only in Val Canali and on the slopes of the Pale; going up above 1300 m. instead there is the white hare, widespread throughout the Park. The alpine prairies also host the marmot.
Among the carnivores, the fox is the most frequent, but some mustelids are also met: among these, the rate is the one most frequently found in the Park territory, especially in the southern area. Of great interest is the presence of both species of the genus Martes: the marten and the marten. The former habitually frequent old ruins, barns and stables, often approaching inhabited areas; the marten is instead decidedly more forest.
In the alpine meadows the marmot digs underground burrows also of considerable extension. This cute rodent lives in colonies whose members take turns to guard against predators, eagles and foxes. As soon as one is sighted, the sentinel emits a characteristic whistle, single or repetitive depending on whether the danger comes from the sky or from the ground, which alarms the rest of the colony, thus decreasing the probability of success of the predator.
Many micro-mammals live in the Park and the presence of 13 species of rodents and 6 of insectivores has been ascertained: among the rodents we remember the squirrel and the dormouse, both well widespread; among the insectivores the mole, the alpine shrew and the miller shrew of Miller, still little known.
It is not rare to find walking these cute animals I recommend not to disturb them and respect nature!